The Federation of Fly Fishers (FFF) has become the International Federation of Fly Fishers (IFFF), and our own Ron Winn was in charge of selecting an updated logo. He helped select a design that is recognizable to the old guard yet has a modern and enticing look for new members:

BFFA is an active Member Club
of the
International Federation of Fly Fishers

Become a Member of the IFFF

Only $35.00 Membership fees 1 year
senior (65+) - US - $25.00

Join the International Federation of Fly Fishers

IFFF Florida Council Expo - Will be at the International Game Fish Association (IGFA) museum in Dania Beach (Fort Lauderdale), Florida October 23-24, 2015.
Tom Logan and David Olson are putting together a great program and already have commitments from Chico Fernandez, Flip Pallot, Jon Cave, Pat Ford, David Lambroughton and Sam Root.
Online registration will open
on August 3 and close on September 27.
To attend the banquet you must register online.

A block of rooms at the Courtyard (next to the Museum) are reserved under Fly Fishers Room Block @ $179/night.
Courtyard by Marriott Fort Lauderdale Airport & Cruise Port
400 Gulf Stream Way
Dania Beach, FL 33004
Phone number 954-342-8333
More later and check our web site


Each year between September and December the BFFA collects dues from its members. These dues help us maintain the function of our club by having funds to pay for such things as speakers,
postage, PO box rent, awards, tide charts, etc.

During the 25 years we have been in existence we have not raised our dues and they will remain $20 for an individual, $30 for a family,
and $10 for a student. If you have joined from May on in 2014 you do not have to renew for this coming year, but if you joined before May in 2014 we ask that you do renew.

Please bring a check to the next meeting, or mail it to:
BFFA of Brevard

PO Box 524, Melbourne, FL 32902
Please include: your snail mail address, email addresses and phone number(s)

casting for recovery

“Fish Tails and Cocktails” benefiting Casting for Recovery, the Breast Cancer recovery organization will be held in Jacksonville on Friday, October 3.,sponsored by Blackfly Outfitters.
For information,contact Robin Folsom, 321-258-1913

BFFA is a proud supporter
Casting for Recovery is a national 501(c)(3)
non-profit organization, supports breast cancer survivors
through a program that combines fly-fishing, counseling,
and medical information to build a focus on wellness instead of illness.
Please help support this program.

(*mark your check for Florida Chapter)

                                Marlin off the menu

Take action today to make sure that no billfish will end up on grocery store shelves or on restaurant menus again.
Click here:
Do your part to Take Marlin off the Menu!

Limit your kill, don’t kill your limit !
Please practice Catch and Release

President Brian Hatfield answers the question
Why is it that you often catch the biggest fish when you're all by yourself?"

Welcome to our new members,

Taciana Jota
of Melbourne
Paul Lorenzen
of Melbourne

Will Benny of Edgewater, FL

View our list of 2015 new members

Member Information:
club history

We have been operating as a club for 23 years.
One of our founding fathers Ron, Winn wrote the history of the club on our About Us

next outing
None in June
Go the the Outings page for details on past events.

Don't forget to send us your photos to share with our members!
* Photos can be seen on our Gallery page.

John Vaughn reports a 19” trout from Pineda area.
He also sighted large Jacks, which ignored him. Some snook activity has been reported from the beaches.

Bill Potter
sampled the fishing on the Kempfer Ranch, with good success.

Mike Reynolds
is doing well with his pet fish in his back yard.

Ron Winn
guided his grandson to his first fish on a fly.

Sebastian Inlet report: Fishing remains hit or miss during the daylight hours; evenings and low light periods seem to be more productive for our inlet anglers. This week we've seen mostly large Jacks, oversized Snook and Reds, a small number of Mangrove and Mutton Snapper, Tarpon in the evenings, stragglers of Trout on the flats, Lookdowns and Margate. Anglers have been using live shrimp, mojarra,mullet, spoons and topwater plugs.

fly tying


For June, Jeff Ward will be tying
the McFly Foam Crab

Monthly Dinner Meeting:

Thursday, June 4th 6:30 PM
6:30 PM, Memaw's Bar B-Q, Eau Gallie Blvd.
Indian Harbour Beach

Our program for June is:
The Return of the Turtle Lady!
Due to a schedule conflict, the program
“The Fishy Side of Sea Turtle Conservation”,
by Nikia Rice was delayed until June.

Nikia is is a sea turtle biologist currently serving on The Sea Turtle Preservation Society's board of directors as their education director. She is also graduate student and research assistant at Florida Tech focusing on sea turtle vision, sea turtle diet, and plastics pollution. The Sea Turtle Preservation Society was founded in 1986 and in located in Indialantic. Their web site is at

Nikia also founded a non-profit in 2012, Mission: Clean Beaches to bring awareness to the issues of marine debris.See the web site at

Photo courtesy The Sun Newsletter, City of West Melbourne

Prior to the first bridge across the St Johns River in South Brevard, there was a ferry near the present bridge site. The ferry was simply a barge just large enough to accommodate a wagon or a Model T. It was operated on a cable strung across the river and over rollers on the ferry. The ferry was manually pulled along the cable to make the crossing. During highwater, the West Melbourne ferry was not operational and a detour had to be made to the Lake Winder Ferry near Cocoa.

A railroad trestle was built across the river in the area in about 1912, but the first highway bridge was not completed until about 1925.

In 1897, the US Department of Fish and Fisheries listed 106 species occcuring in the Indian River, 26 deemed commercial. The most valuable, in order, were mullet, pompano, sheepshead, sea trout, redfish, mangrove snapper, bluefish, whiting, sailor’s choice, southern flounder and silver mullet.

A bonelike structure made of calcium carbonate found in the inner ear canals of salmon is giving researchers information about all the places the fish have been. Otoliths grow along with the salmon and absorb elements from whatever waters it swims in, offering lots of information, including how old the fish is. "This is an underutilized tool. If you invest the time and energy to build a robust map, this is a good way to actually get at some of the fundamental questions about the movement patterns of salmon," said Sean Brennan, author of the study published in Science Advances. New Scientist (5/15).

Exact map of salmon journeys drawn from strontium in their ears - by Aviva Rutkin

To really get to know someone, you have to get inside their head. And it's the same for salmon. In their inner ear canals, just behind their eyes, sit small chunks of calcium carbonate called otoliths that can tell you a lot about a fish and its individual history.

Now a team has mapped the journeys of hundreds of Chinook salmon in unprecedented detail by looking carefully at how these bonelike structures store rare elements from the waters the fish live in.

It may be the key to helping the world's salmon withstand the pressures of climate change and commercial fishing and is potentially applicable to other species and environments.

Much as the growth rings in a tree stump can be used to age it, otoliths grow in concentric circles as a fish grows, so they can be used to tell how old a fish is. The chemical composition of each layer of an otolith depends on what was in the water around the fish at the time the calcium carbonate was laid down.

"It's an amazing structure," says Anna Sturrock, a
marine biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, who wasn't involved in the study. "It's this little data-logger in the fish's head."

Isotope map

Sean Brennan of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and his colleagues wondered if they could use the traces of the element strontium in otoliths to accurately track where salmon had been.

Moving water dissolves strontium out of river rocks, and is included in an otolith as it grows. And because the different isotopes, or versions, of the element are found in varying quantities in different areas, it means the waters in a certain area should have a distinct isotope ratio. Match that with a layer of otolith and you might know that a fish was there at a certain age.

So the team traveled along the Nushagak river in Alaska collecting samples. They gathered water, sedentary fish called slimy sculpins and otoliths from young salmon that had not yet left home. They measured the strontium levels in all the samples, and used them to identify seven regions among the river's streams and tributaries with distinct strontium profiles.

This map helped Brennan's team pinpoint the birthplaces and travels of more than 400 salmon caught in 2011. Some 70 per cent resided in the same stream that they were born in – the rest had moved to other habitats.

Distinct river

It's too early to take any big lessons away from the work, says Brennan. His team has continued to track the salmon's movement – they're now coming up on their third year of collecting data. But he's optimistic about the possibilities of the data, which could help ecologists better understand how individual populations are responding to habitat loss or changes in their environment.

"This is an underutilized tool," he says. "If you invest the time and energy to build a robust map, this is a good way to actually get at some of the fundamental questions about the movement patterns of salmon."

Isotope mapping may be more difficult in regions where there isn't as much geological variety, says Sturrock. The Nushagak river is home to a diverse mixture of volcanic and sedimentary rock, which means many regions have distinct strontium ratios. In other places it might be better to roll this technique in with other tracers or with genetic information, she says.

Cost is also an issue, says Karin Limburg at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse. "It's probably prohibitively expensive for widespread application, but perhaps someday in the future, it may become more applicable if analytical costs ever drop."

Last month in BackCast I described a report on the “Effects and Possible causes of the 2011 IRL Superbloom.” This inspired me launch a effort summarize the major programs aimed at repairing the damage of this event and minimizing the chances of a repeat. I had read a number of articles and press releases on individual programs, but I was left confused by how it all fit together and how likely these were to restore the IRL to its former health.

My initial research did not lead to concise list of remedial programs, and left me further confused by the number of organizations with web sites and reports and news releases of various forms on the subject. Clearly, I had to understand who were the major players and how all the organizations related to one another.

I identified the following organizations as possibly having a significant role. There may be more. I have included a web reference so you can pursue some or all for further details.

* St. Johns River Water Management District (
* Brevard County Natural Resources Council (
* The Marine Resources Council (
* Indian River Lagoon Council (
* Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (

There are also a number of ad hoc organizations, such as the Indian River Lagoon 2011 Consortium, which comprised at least 26 scientists from 10 organizations. Another organization is The IRL National Estuary Program (IRLNEP), funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and other partners.

The St Johns River Water Management District (SJWMD) appears to have the largest number and most concrete projects and plans, although the budgeting and scheduling information is sometimes scant. The Brevard County Natural Resource Council (NRC) is involved in past and future Muck Dredging operations. Most of the other organizations appear to be involved primarily in publicity and fund raising (important functions, but of limited value unless properly used).

As we went to press, it was announced that the SJRWMD Governing Board had selected Ann Shortell as the next executive director, replacing Hans Tanzler III. Earlier this month, four other senior staff had resigned.

My research left me overwhelmed with general information but lacking in specifics. The timeline and geographic description of the 2011 algae bloom is nicely documented, but quantified relations between various factors appears lacking. The growth of population in the area is likely the underlying problem, but the relative impact of secondary factors, such as nutrient loading, habitat alteration, water pollution and climate change, appears very imperfectly known. This means we do not understand how much difference, say, a large reduction in nutrient additions to the
lagoon would make. Would we be better off putting the same effort and funding into planting more mangroves, or cultivating more oysters, or something else?

Another factor to consider is the rule of unintended consequences. Mucking about with a complex, poorly understood system, such as the IRL, is a recipe for disaster, or at least set-backs. Examples exist in the IRL situation itself. Several of the planned mitigation efforts involve undoing parts of government program in mosquito control which seemed wise and effective 50 years ago, but whose total effects were poorly understood, and sometimes adverse.

This all means that it is important to us as major stakeholders in the IRL to understand the major remedial programs and their intended and unintended effects. In the next few months I plan to summarize some of the major programs, including their costs and schedules. Please contact me with any comments you have on the subject

Frank Perkins

Download a previous issue of our Newsletter: "The Backcast" in PDF format

Get your BackCast delivered by e-mail.

If you still receive your BackCast by postal mail and
would like to get it by email, please contact Ron Winn
Frank Perkins or
Bill Gunn to get on our mailing list

Advantages are that you get it in full color
and the club saves the postage.

Did you ever realize how many occupations arerepresented in the club?

Editor’s quick list:

Fishing guide
Insurance agent
Insurance adjustor
School principal
Newspaper columnist
Marine engineer
Tour boat operator

.................... What can you add?


Site donated & maintained by: DePalma Enterprises Updated 5/25/2015
Copyright © 2006 Backcountry Fly Fishing Association. All rights reserved.